Why Are Natural Resources Important? (32 Reasons)

From the breath of fresh air you inhale to the phone in your hand, the food on your plate to the fuel in your car — natural resources are woven into every facet of our lives.

These are substances or materials found in nature, such as air, water, soil, minerals, plants, and animals. They sustain our basic needs, spur economic growth, nourish our health, and even ignite the spark of scientific discovery.

The importance of natural resources is undeniable and fascinating, so let’s explore why they truly matter in our lives.

Economic Benefits

1. Economic Value

Resources like minerals, oil, and timber are valuable commodities in the global market. Countries rich in these resources often have thriving economies, capitalizing on export opportunities.

For instance, Saudi Arabia’s vast oil reserves have powered its economic growth, making it one of the wealthiest countries in the world.

2. Job Creation

Natural resources provide employment opportunities in various sectors, from farming and fishing to tourism. For example, agriculture employs over 1 billion people globally, contributing significantly to job creation.

“When we honor the Earth, we honor ourselves.”

– L. M. Wilde

3. Raw Materials

Natural resources provide the raw materials for countless industries. The construction industry, for example, uses natural resources like timber, stones, and sand. On the other hand, the pharmaceutical industry uses medicinal plants and minerals.

4. Renewable Energy

The sun, wind, and water are renewable sources of energy that hold immense potential. Countries around the world are now tapping into these resources to generate electricity, reducing their dependence on fossil fuels.

Example: Germany is a leading example of a country heavily investing in renewable energy, particularly wind and solar power.

5. Biofuel Production

Natural resources such as corn, sugarcane, and algae can be converted into biofuels, renewable sources of energy. Biofuels can help reduce our dependency on fossil fuels, contributing to a sustainable future.

6. Aquaculture

Aquaculture or fish farming heavily relies on natural resources like freshwater bodies and marine ecosystems. It contributes to food security, creates jobs, and drives economic growth in many regions.

7. Wildlife Tourism

Wildlife tourism, which includes activities like safaris, bird watching, and nature hikes, provides significant economic benefits. It generates income for local communities and funds wildlife conservation efforts.

Example: The Great Barrier Reef in Australia generates over AUD 6 billion annually and supports more than 60,000 jobs.

Cultural and Societal Importance

8. Cultural Importance

Natural resources, such as rivers, mountains, and forests, often hold profound spiritual and historical significance in various cultures. For example, the Ganges River in India is revered as a goddess and is integral to the religious practices of millions of Hindus.

Fact: The Ganges River is so sacred in Hindu culture that it's considered a "tirtha," a crossing point between heaven and earth.

Related: Why Is Cultural Awareness Important? (13 Crucial Reasons)

9. Cultural Traditions

Cultural traditions and rituals often rely on the availability and use of specific natural resources. These practices strengthen societal bonds, maintain cultural heritage, and contribute to cultural diversity.

Example: In Japanese culture, "Hanami," the cherry blossom viewing tradition, relies on the blooming of cherry trees.

10. Preserving Indigenous Knowledge

Natural resources help preserve and propagate indigenous knowledge and practices. Indigenous communities often have a deep understanding of their local ecosystems, which is reflected in their sustainable use of natural resources.

Example: The indigenous communities of the Amazon Rainforest have used the forest sustainably for centuries, protecting its rich biodiversity.

11. Spiritual Solace

Nature offers a place of retreat, reflection, and tranquility, providing mental well-being benefits. For many, natural settings serve as sanctuaries, offering a respite from the hustle and bustle of urban life.

Health and Well-being

12. Medicine

Many plants and herbs are rich in compounds that have medicinal properties. For centuries, these natural resources have been used to treat various ailments and continue to be a crucial part of modern medicine.

Example: The willow tree, a natural resource, has been used for centuries to relieve pain and inflammation. 

13. Human Health and Well-being

Access to clean air, clean water, and green spaces directly impacts human health and mental well-being. These resources help reduce stress, promote physical activity, and even improve mood.

14. Maintaining Hygiene

Access to clean water is fundamental for hygiene and disease prevention. It’s crucial for bathing, washing hands, cleaning food, and cooking, thereby preventing the spread of diseases.

Fact: According to the United Nations, 2.2 billion people around the world lack safely managed drinking water services.

15. Natural Healing

Natural resources are often used in alternative healing practices like aromatherapy, naturopathy, and traditional medicine. These practices harness the therapeutic benefits of these resources to promote health and wellness.

16. Psycho-social Development in Children

Access to green spaces and natural resources can positively impact children’s psycho-social and cognitive development. Regular interaction with nature can foster creativity, enhance cognitive abilities, and improve social skills.

Tip: Encourage children to spend time outdoors. Activities like gardening, nature walks, and bird-watching can be fun and educational.

Food and Materials

17. Food Production

Soil, water, and sunlight form the triad that sustains agriculture and food production. These resources allow plants to grow, which in turn serve as food sources directly or indirectly for all creatures, including humans.

Example: The staple foods of the world, such as rice, wheat, and corn, are all products of agriculture reliant on soil, water, and sunlight.

18. Textile Industry

Natural resources like cotton, silk, and wool are integral to the textile industry. They are transformed into a wide range of products, from clothing and upholstery to industrial and medical applications.

19. Culinary and Aesthetic Uses

Natural resources are used in a multitude of ways to add flavor to our foods and beauty to our surroundings. Think about the wood on your dining table, the granite on your kitchen counter, or the spices that season your meals.

Tip: Use locally sourced natural materials for home decor to reduce carbon footprint and support local industries.

Science, Technology, and Defense

20. Scientific Research

Natural resources, such as plants, animals, or minerals, offer unique opportunities for scientific research. These resources can lead to new discoveries and breakthroughs across numerous fields.

Example: The Rosy Periwinkle, a plant native to Madagascar, led to the discovery of drugs that significantly improved the survival rates of certain types of leukemia and Hodgkin's disease.

21. Technology

Certain minerals and metals, such as copper, silicon, and rare earth elements, play a critical role in manufacturing technology and electronics. They are essential components in everything from your smartphone to your car.

22. Space Exploration

Natural resources play a pivotal role in space exploration. Certain minerals are used as fuel to power rockets that traverse the cosmos, enabling us to explore the universe beyond our planet.

23. Defense and Military

Some natural resources are used in manufacturing defense equipment and military supplies. From the steel in tanks to the rare earth elements in advanced radar systems, natural resources form the backbone of defense industries.


24. Sustainable Development

Sustainable development focuses on meeting our current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirs. Responsible management of natural resources is at the core of this concept.

Tip: You can contribute to sustainable development by minimizing waste, recycling, and choosing sustainable products.

25. Disaster Mitigation

Natural resources like forests and wetlands serve as natural buffers against disasters. They absorb excess water during floods, stabilize soil to prevent landslides, and maintain climate balance.

“Investing in mangrove restoration is smart nature-based solution – a climate adaptation measure with multiple co-benefits.”

– Mami Mizutori, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction

Cosmetics and Beauty

26. Cosmetics

Natural resources like oils, minerals, and botanical extracts are fundamental to the cosmetics industry. They’re used in everything from skincare and haircare products to makeup.

Trivia: The ancient Egyptians used natural resources like kohl (a form of lead) and red ochre for cosmetics over 6000 years ago.

Environmental and Ecosystem Support

27. Life Support

Water, air, and soil are natural resources that are fundamental to life as we know it. They’re what allows plants to grow, animals to thrive, and humans to live. These elements provide the basic necessities that every organism on this planet needs to survive.

“Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.”

– Jacques Yves Cousteau

28. Climate Regulation

Forests act as Earth’s air filter, soaking up carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen back into the atmosphere. This not only helps maintain the balance of gases in the air but also regulates the planet’s climate by mitigating global warming.

29. Ecosystem Services

Nature’s not just about survival of the fittest; it’s also about cooperation and symbiosis. Ecosystem services — such as waste decomposition, water filtration, nutrient cycling, and disease control — are natural processes that help maintain the health of the environment and all the life it supports.

30. Habitat

From the lush depths of the rainforest to the vibrant ecosystems beneath the ocean’s surface, natural resources provide homes for countless species. These habitats are more than just a place to live; they’re environments where animals can find food, reproduce, and thrive.

31. Weather Patterns

The influence of natural resources isn’t just confined to the ground beneath our feet. Large bodies of water and forests also have a significant impact on local and global weather patterns.

For example, the presence of a large forest can create a microclimate with cooler temperatures and higher humidity than surrounding areas.

32. Natural Cooling

As global temperatures rise due to climate change, the cooling effects of forests and bodies of water become increasingly important. Trees provide shade, reducing the heat absorbed by the ground, while bodies of water absorb heat and help to cool the air.

These natural resources act as Earth’s air conditioning system, providing respite from the heat and supporting life.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the different types of natural resources?

Natural resources can be broadly classified into renewable and non-renewable resources.

Renewable resources: These are resources that can be replenished naturally over time, such as sunlight, wind, and water.

Non-renewable resources: These are resources that do not replenish in a short period of time, such as minerals, metals, and fossil fuels.

How does human activity impact natural resources?

Human activities have a significant impact on natural resources. Overexploitation, pollution, deforestation, and climate change are among the main ways humans impact natural resources. These activities can lead to resource depletion, habitat destruction, and biodiversity loss.

What are the consequences of natural resource depletion?

Depletion of natural resources can lead to several challenges, such as:

Environmental Damage: Overexploitation can lead to damage to ecosystems and loss of biodiversity.

Economic Consequences: Economies heavily reliant on natural resources may face significant challenges if these resources are depleted.

Social Impacts: Resource depletion can lead to social challenges, including conflict over resource access and potential displacement of communities.


In a nutshell, natural resources are the heartbeat of our planet.

  • They provide the essentials of life, fuel our economies, and give us a wealth of beauty and biodiversity to explore and enjoy.
  • They shape our cultures, support our health, and inspire our technology.
  • They help balance our climate and provide vital ecosystem services. We literally can’t live without them.

So, let’s remember to cherish these precious gifts, use them wisely, and strive to protect them for the sake of future generations. After all, when we take care of our planet, it takes care of us.

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Brenda Calisaan

Brenda Calisaan is a psychology graduate who strongly desires to impact society positively. She aspires to spread awareness and knowledge about mental health, its importance, and its impact on individuals and society.

She also has a passion for working with children and hopes to dedicate her career to positively impacting their lives.

Outside of work, Brenda is an avid traveler and enjoys exploring new experiences. She is also a music enthusiast and loves to listen to a variety of genres. When she's not on the road or working, Brenda can often be found watching interesting YouTube videos, such as Ted-Ed content.